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Simuladores Incendios Forestales

Posted by Firestation en 07/08/2013

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National Fire Behavior Systems

The following fire behavior systems are based on essentially the same mathematical fire models, are complementary, and are suited to different fire management needs. Please view the Fire Behavior System Comparison Table for details on general similarities and differences. Fire behavior systems produce specific elements of a fire (spread rate, perimeter, flame length, scorch height, etc.) whereas fire danger systems produce indices.

  • BehavePlus fire modeling system
    • PC program
    • Modeling of fire behavior, fire effects, and fire environment
    • Interactive user input
    • Uniform conditions for each calculation
    • Table, graph, and diagram output
    • Used for basic fire modeling understanding, prescribed fire planning, fuel hazard assessment, predicting wildfire behavior, etc.
  • FlamMap fire mapping and analysis system
    • PC program
    • Potential fire behavior across the landscape
    • Spatial fuel and terrain data needed
    • Weather and fuel moisture constant for a run
    • Minimum travel time and other options available
    • Used for fuel hazard assessment, placement of fuel treatment projects, and more
  • FARSITE fire area simulator
    • PC program
    • Fire growth simulation
    • Spatial fuel and terrain data needed
    • Weather and fuel moisture change with time
    • Used to project fire growth of ongoing fires and hypothetical fires for planning, and more

National Fire Danger Systems

The U.S. National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS) produces indices such as Energy Release Component (ERC) that indicate the potential for fire activity. (There is not a computer program called NFDRS.)

  • FireFamilyPlus
    • PC program
    • Uses archived weather and fire data
    • Analysis of fire weather and fire danger indices
    • Used to set threshold levels for fire management actions, such as forest restrictions, and more

Research Systems Under Development

As new research is completed, results will be incorporated into fire behavior and fire danger systems.

  • WindWizard
    • No longer available
    • PC software under development
    • Gridded wind model that reflects the effect of topography
    • Not a forecast model
    • Uses general wind speed and direction scenarios
    • Used by FlamMap and FARSITE
  • WindNinja
    • PC software under development
    • Gridded wind model that reflects the effect of topography
    • Faster computation than WindWizard, but less accurate
    • Uses general wind speed and direction scenarios
    • Used by FlamMap and FARSITE, GIS, and soon FSPro
  • FireStem
    • PC test program is available
    • Based on fundamental thermodynamics and heat transfer effects on cambium
    • Additional species are being studied

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